월별 글 목록: 2014년 12월월

Ubuntu 14.04_LTS APM(ariaDB) Install Guide Part IV-1

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS APM(ariaDB) install 

 

가상서버에서 Ubuntu OS를 설치한 후 기본설치 APM 설치해봅니다.

Apache + Php5 + Mariadb5로 설치합니다.

putty 로 접속 하는 초기 화면

Connecting to 192.168.0.3:22…
Connection established.
To escape to local shell, press ‘Ctrl+Alt+]’.

Welcome to Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS (GNU/Linux 3.13.0-40-generic x86_64)

* Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com/

System information as of Fri Dec 12 15:18:56 KST 2014

System load:  1.5               Processes:           80
Usage of /:   6.8% of 17.59GB   Users logged in:     0
Memory usage: 2%                IP address for eth0: 192.168.0.3
Swap usage:   0%

Graph this data and manage this system at:
https://landscape.canonical.com/

0 packages can be updated.
0 updates are security updates.

Last login: Fri Dec 12 15:18:55 2014
roo@ubuntu:~$ sudo su -l
[sudo] password for userid:
root@ubuntu:~#

 

Apache2 설치

 

root@ubuntu:~# apt-get install apache2
패키지 목록을 읽는 중입니다… 완료
의존성 트리를 만드는 중입니다
상태 정보를 읽는 중입니다… 완료
다음 패키지를 더 설치할 것입니다:
apache2-bin apache2-data libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3
libaprutil1-ldap ssl-cert
제안하는 패키지:
apache2-doc apache2-suexec-pristine apache2-suexec-custom apache2-utils
openssl-blacklist
다음 새 패키지를 설치할 것입니다:
apache2 apache2-bin apache2-data libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3
libaprutil1-ldap ssl-cert
0개 업그레이드, 8개 새로 설치, 0개 제거 및 3개 업그레이드 안 함.
1,284 k바이트 아카이브를 받아야 합니다.
이 작업 후 5,342 k바이트의 디스크 공간을 더 사용하게 됩니다.
계속 하시겠습니까? [Y/n] y

 

#service apache2 restart

 

아파치 기본 화면

 

 

Php5 설치

 

root@ubuntu:~# apt-get install php5

패키지 목록을 읽는 중입니다… 완료
의존성 트리를 만드는 중입니다
상태 정보를 읽는 중입니다… 완료
다음 패키지를 더 설치할 것입니다:
libapache2-mod-php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-json php5-readline
제안하는 패키지:
php-pear php5-user-cache
다음 새 패키지를 설치할 것입니다:
libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-json php5-readline
0개 업그레이드, 6개 새로 설치, 0개 제거 및 3개 업그레이드 안 함.
4,860 k바이트 아카이브를 받아야 합니다.
이 작업 후 20.5 M바이트의 디스크 공간을 더 사용하게 됩니다.
계속 하시겠습니까? [Y/n]

 

Mariadb 설치

 

root@ubuntu:~# apt-get install mariadb-server
패키지 목록을 읽는 중입니다… 완료
의존성 트리를 만드는 중입니다
상태 정보를 읽는 중입니다… 완료
다음 패키지를 더 설치할 것입니다:
libaio1 libdbd-mysql-perl libdbi-perl libhtml-template-perl
libmariadbclient18 libmysqlclient18 libterm-readkey-perl mariadb-client-5.5
mariadb-client-core-5.5 mariadb-common mariadb-server-5.5
mariadb-server-core-5.5 mysql-common
제안하는 패키지:
libclone-perl libmldbm-perl libnet-daemon-perl libplrpc-perl
libsql-statement-perl libipc-sharedcache-perl mailx mariadb-test tinyca
다음 새 패키지를 설치할 것입니다:
libaio1 libdbd-mysql-perl libdbi-perl libhtml-template-perl
libmariadbclient18 libmysqlclient18 libterm-readkey-perl mariadb-client-5.5
mariadb-client-core-5.5 mariadb-common mariadb-server mariadb-server-5.5
mariadb-server-core-5.5 mysql-common
0개 업그레이드, 14개 새로 설치, 0개 제거 및 3개 업그레이드 안 함.
11.4 M바이트 아카이브를 받아야 합니다.
이 작업 후 118 M바이트의 디스크 공간을 더 사용하게 됩니다.
계속 하시겠습니까? [Y/n]

 

 

 

#mysql_install_db

#mysql_secure_installation

#service mysql restart

 

Mariadb 와 Php 연동작업

 

root@ubuntu:~# apt-get install php5-mysql

패키지 목록을 읽는 중입니다… 완료
의존성 트리를 만드는 중입니다
상태 정보를 읽는 중입니다… 완료
다음 새 패키지를 설치할 것입니다:
php5-mysql
0개 업그레이드, 1개 새로 설치, 0개 제거 및 3개 업그레이드 안 함.
62.9 k바이트 아카이브를 받아야 합니다.
이 작업 후 297 k바이트의 디스크 공간을 더 사용하게 됩니다.
받기:1 http://kr.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main php5-mysql amd64 5.5.9+dfsg-1ubuntu4.5 [62.9 kB]
내려받기 62.9 k바이트, 소요시간 0초 (205 k바이트/초)
Selecting previously unselected package php5-mysql.
(데이터베이스 읽는중 …현재 60180개의 파일과 디렉터리가 설치되어 있습니다.)
Preparing to unpack …/php5-mysql_5.5.9+dfsg-1ubuntu4.5_amd64.deb …
Unpacking php5-mysql (5.5.9+dfsg-1ubuntu4.5) …
Processing triggers for libapache2-mod-php5 (5.5.9+dfsg-1ubuntu4.5) …
php5-mysql (5.5.9+dfsg-1ubuntu4.5) 설정하는 중입니다 …

Creating config file /etc/php5/mods-available/mysql.ini with new version
php5_invoke: Enable module mysql for cli SAPI
php5_invoke: Enable module mysql for apache2 SAPI

Creating config file /etc/php5/mods-available/mysqli.ini with new version
php5_invoke: Enable module mysqli for cli SAPI
php5_invoke: Enable module mysqli for apache2 SAPI

Creating config file /etc/php5/mods-available/pdo_mysql.ini with new version
php5_invoke: Enable module pdo_mysql for cli SAPI
php5_invoke: Enable module pdo_mysql for apache2 SAPI
Processing triggers for libapache2-mod-php5 (5.5.9+dfsg-1ubuntu4.5) …
root@ubuntu:~#

 

php 연동 화면

 

 

 

Phpmyadmin 설치

 

root@ubuntu:/etc/php5/mods-available# apt-get install phpmyadmin
패키지 목록을 읽는 중입니다… 완료
의존성 트리를 만드는 중입니다
상태 정보를 읽는 중입니다… 완료
다음 패키지를 더 설치할 것입니다:
dbconfig-common javascript-common libjs-codemirror libjs-jquery
libjs-jquery-cookie libjs-jquery-event-drag libjs-jquery-metadata
libjs-jquery-mousewheel libjs-jquery-tablesorter libjs-jquery-ui
libjs-underscore libmcrypt4 php-gettext php5-mcrypt
제안하는 패키지:
libjs-jquery-ui-docs libmcrypt-dev mcrypt mysql-server
추천하는 패키지:
mysql-client
다음 새 패키지를 설치할 것입니다:
dbconfig-common javascript-common libjs-codemirror libjs-jquery
libjs-jquery-cookie libjs-jquery-event-drag libjs-jquery-metadata
libjs-jquery-mousewheel libjs-jquery-tablesorter libjs-jquery-ui
libjs-underscore libmcrypt4 php-gettext php5-mcrypt phpmyadmin
0개 업그레이드, 15개 새로 설치, 0개 제거 및 3개 업그레이드 안 함.
5,680 k바이트 아카이브를 받아야 합니다.
이 작업 후 28.7 M바이트의 디스크 공간을 더 사용하게 됩니다.
계속 하시겠습니까? [Y/n]

 

phpmyadmin 화면

 

 

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS 기본 설치 버젼 확인

apache 2.4
php5.5
mariadb 5.5

 

#apt-get update : 서버 최신 버젼 업데이트

#apt-get upgrade : 기존 설치 패키지 업데이트

#apt-get install apache2 : 아파치 2.4

#apt-get install php5 : php 5.5

#apt-get install mariadb : mariadb 5.5

mysql-server mysql-client php5-mysql phpmyadmin

#service apache2 restart

#service mysql restart

WinSvr 2003, WinSvr 2008R2 내부 Firewall에서 Ping(ICMP) Enable

WinSvr 2003, WinSvr 2008 R2 서버내부 Firewall에서 Ping(ICMP) 허용(Enable )

부제 : 눈으로 쉽게 따라하기

 

 

 

 

고급에서 ‘수신 에코 요청 허용’ 체크를 해주면 됩니다.

 

콘솔 모드에서는 아래와 같이 작업을 해준다.

또는 CMD 창에 “netsh firewall set icmpsetting 8 enable” 명령으로 icmp echo 활성화

WinSvr 2008R2

 

 

 

 

 

고급 보안 Windows 방화벽 인바운트 규칙 : “파일 및 프린터 공유(에코요청 – ICMPv4-in)” 정책 활성화

 

콘솔 모드에서는 아래와 같이 작업을 해준다.

CMD 창에 “netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name’ICMP Allow incoming V4 echo request” protocol=icmpv4:8, any dir=in action=allow” 명령으로 icmp 허용 정책 추가

Centos6 Yum APM Simple Install PartII-1

Centos6 Yum APM Simple install – 부제 : Yum으로 간단 설치해보기

 

Centos6 가상서버에서 APM 설치 해보고 싶지 않나요..

 

Centos6 Netinstall 설치가이드 Part II를 보고 난 후 추가적인 작업 진행을 하고자 합니다.

 

눈으로 보는 쉽게 설치하기 Part II – 1 설치진행해보죠..

 

가상서버 실행 후 접속 해봅니다.

 

가상서버에서 유저를 생성후 원격으로 putty로 접속해봅니다.

 

한글 Putty는 여기서 다운로드 받아 바로 실행하면 됩니다. -> https://bitbucket.org/daybreaker/iputty/wiki/Home

 

 

Yum APM Install 설치 시작 

 

[root@localhost ~]# yum install httpd httpd-devel

 

[root@localhost ~]# yum install mysql mysql-server

 

[root@localhost ~]# yum install php php-devel php-mbstring php-gd php-xml php-xmlrpc php-pear

 

설치 후 버전 확인

 

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep httpd
httpd-devel-2.2.15-39.el6.centos.x86_64
httpd-2.2.15-39.el6.centos.x86_64
httpd-tools-2.2.15-39.el6.centos.x86_64
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep mysql
mysql-server-5.1.73-3.el6_5.x86_64
mysql-5.1.73-3.el6_5.x86_64
mysql-libs-5.1.73-3.el6_5.x86_64
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep php
php-cli-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
php-devel-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
php-xml-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
php-mbstring-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
php-common-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
php-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
php-pear-1.9.4-4.el6.noarch
php-gd-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
php-xmlrpc-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64
[root@localhost ~]#

 

여기까지 Yum 으로 APM 기본 패키지 설치 완료상태입니다. 웹브라우저로 확인할수 있는 초간단 수정내용만

정리 해봅니다.

 

[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/
[root@localhost etc]# vi php.ini

 

수정전

[Date]
; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
; http://www.php.net/manual/en/datetime.configuration.php#ini.date.timezone
;date.timezone =

 

수정후

[Date]
; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
; http://www.php.net/manual/en/datetime.configuration.php#ini.date.timezone
date.timezone = Asia/Seoul

 

[root@localhost conf]# /etc/init.d/httpd start
Starting httpd: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server’s fully qualified domain name, using localhost.localdomain for ServerName                                                          [  OK  ]

 

[root@localhost conf]# mysql_install_db
Installing MySQL system tables…
OK
Filling help tables…
OK

To start mysqld at boot time you have to copy
support-files/mysql.server to the right place for your system

PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER !
To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password ‘new-password’
/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h localhost.localdomain password ‘new-password’

Alternatively you can run:
/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test
databases and anonymous user created by default.  This is
strongly recommended for production servers.

See the manual for more instructions.

You can start the MySQL daemon with:
cd /usr ; /usr/bin/mysqld_safe &

You can test the MySQL daemon with mysql-test-run.pl
cd /usr/mysql-test ; perl mysql-test-run.pl

Please report any problems with the /usr/bin/mysqlbug script!

 

[root@localhost conf]# /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

 
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user.  If you’ve just installed MySQL, and
you haven’t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can’t connect to local MySQL server through socket ‘/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock’ (2)
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can’t connect to local MySQL server through socket ‘/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock’ (2)
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
Aborting!

Cleaning up…

 

위에 문제가 생겼군요..mysql daemon실행이 되지고 않았으며, mysql 디렉토리에 이상있는지 확인해봐야 됩니다.
[root@localhost conf]# cd /var/lib/mysql/
[root@localhost mysql]# ls
mysql  test
[root@localhost mysql]# ll
total 8
drwx——. 2 mysql root 4096 Dec 11 21:34 mysql
drwx——. 2 mysql root 4096 Dec 11 21:34 test
[root@localhost mysql]# chown -R mysql mysql – 디렉토리 유저 mysql 변경
[root@localhost mysql]# chgrp -R mysql mysql – 디렉토리 그룹 mysql 변경

 

[root@localhost mysql]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start – 데몬 스타트
Starting mysqld:                                           [  OK  ]
[root@localhost mysql]#

 

[root@localhost mysql]# /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation – Mysql 기본 보안 적용

 

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user.  If you’ve just installed MySQL, and
you haven’t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on…

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
… Success!
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
… Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost’.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
… Success!

By default, MySQL comes with a database named ‘test’ that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
– Dropping test database…
… Success!
– Removing privileges on test database…
… Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
… Success!

Cleaning up…

 

All done!  If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!
[root@localhost mysql]#

 

데몬 프로세스 확인

 

[root@localhost mysql]# ps aux |grep httpd
root      5246  0.0  0.5 278776  9920 ?        Ss   21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5248  0.0  0.3 278776  6184 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5249  0.0  0.3 278776  6096 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5250  0.0  0.3 278776  6096 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5251  0.0  0.2 278776  5444 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5252  0.0  0.2 278776  5444 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5253  0.0  0.2 278776  5444 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5254  0.0  0.2 278776  5444 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
apache    5255  0.0  0.2 278776  5444 ?        S    21:33   0:00 /usr/sbin/httpd
root      5512  1.0  0.0 103244   852 pts/0    S+   21:38   0:00 grep httpd
[root@localhost mysql]# ps aux |grep mysql
root      5347  0.1  0.0 106064  1484 pts/0    S    21:36   0:00 /bin/sh /usr/bin/mysqld_safe –datadir=/var/lib/mysql –socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock –pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid –basedir=/usr –user=mysql
mysql     5449  0.4  1.4 367976 27852 pts/0    Sl   21:36   0:00 /usr/libexec/mysqld –basedir=/usr –datadir=/var/lib/mysql –user=mysql –log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log –pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid –socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
root      5514  1.0  0.0 103244   856 pts/0    S+   21:38   0:00 grep mysql
[root@localhost mysql]#

 

 

웹브라우저로 확인해본다.

 

 

 

FreeBSD Version Download

Download url : https://www.freebsd.org/where.html

Getting FreeBSD

Release Information

Detailed descriptions of past, present, and future releases. Look here first to determine what the latest version of FreeBSD is.

Install FreeBSD

There are many options for installing FreeBSD, including installation from CD-ROM, DVD, USB stick or even directly using anonymous FTP, HTTP, or NFS. Depending on the FreeBSD version you want to install, please read through the FreeBSD 9.X/10.X installation guide or the FreeBSD 8.X installation guide before downloading the entire FreeBSD distribution.

Download FreeBSD

If you plan on getting FreeBSD via FTP or HTTP, please check the listing of mirror sites in the handbook to see if there is a site closer to you.

Version & Platform Distribution ISO Release
Notes
Hardware
Notes
Installation
Notes
Errata
FreeBSD 10.1-RELEASE [View] [View] [View] [View]
amd64
(x86-64, x64)
[Distribution] [ISO]
[VM Images]
arm [SD Card Image]
i386 [Distribution] [ISO]
[VM Images]
ia64 [Distribution] [ISO]
powerpc [Distribution] [ISO]
powerpc64 [Distribution] [ISO]
sparc64 [Distribution] [ISO]
FreeBSD 9.3-RELEASE [View] [View] [View] [View]
amd64
(x86-64, x64)
[Distribution] [ISO]
i386 [Distribution] [ISO]
ia64 [Distribution] [ISO]
powerpc [Distribution] [ISO]
powerpc64 [Distribution] [ISO]
sparc64 [Distribution] [ISO]
FreeBSD 8.4-RELEASE [View] [View] [View] [View]
amd64
(x86-64, x64)
[Distribution] [ISO]
i386 [Distribution] [ISO]
pc98 [Distribution] [ISO]

Note: If you are in doubt of which platform / architecture to get, you probably need i386 if you have an older computer, and amd64 if you have a newer computer.

If you are interested in a purely experimental snapshot release of FreeBSD-CURRENT (AKA 11.0-CURRENT), aimed at developers and bleeding-edge testers only, then please see the FreeBSD Snapshot Releases page. For more information about past, present and future releases in general, please visit the release information page.

Purchase FreeBSD Media

FreeBSD can be acquired on CD-ROM or DVD from FreeBSD Mall, or one of the other CD-ROM and DVD Publishers.

Past Releases

For downloading past releases, please visit the FTP archive.

FreeBSD-derived Operating System Distributions

FreeBSD is widely used as a building block for other commercial and open-source operating systems. The projects below are widely used and of particular interest to FreeBSD users.

  • FreeNAS is an open source storage platform based on FreeBSD and supports sharing across Windows, Apple, and UNIX-like systems.
  • PC-BSD is a FreeBSD derivative with a graphical installer and impressive desktop tools aimed at ease of use for the casual computer user.
  • pfSense is a free, open source customized distribution of FreeBSD tailored for use as a firewall and router.

Server OS End Of Life(EOL)

End-Of-Life

충성도 높은 고객의 확보를 위하여 기업이 소비자에게 제공하는 서비스 중의 하나로써 EOL(end-of-life) 서비스가 있다. EOL 서비스란 제품 판매 후에도 기업이 보장한 보증기간 동안 발생한 제품 결함에 대해서 기업이 무상으로 수리를 제공하는것을 의미한다.

 [Centos]

http://wiki.centos.org/Download

 

Version Minor release CD and DVD ISO Images Packages Release Email Release Notes End-Of-Life
CentOS-7 7.0.1406 x86_64 RPMs CentOS CentOS RHEL 30 June 2024
CentOS-6 6.6 i386 x86_64 RPMs CentOS CentOS RHEL 30 Nov 2020
CentOS-5 5.11 i386 x86_64 RPMs CentOS CentOS RHEL 31 Mar 2017
CentOS-4 4.9 i386 x86_64 ia64 s390s390x alpha Note: The install media is CentOS-4.8, see the Release Notes for details RPMs CentOS CentOS RHEL 29 Feb 2012
CentOS-3 3.9 i386 x86_64 ia64 s390 s390x RPMs CentOS RHEL 31 Oct 2010
CentOS-2.1 i386 RPMs CentOS RHEL 31 May 2009

” alt=”” src=”http://wiki.centos.org/wiki/modern-CentOS/img/attention.png”> Bittorrent links are also available from the above links.

Release Notes

All CentOS release notes can be found here on the wiki.

You can get all the original Red Hat release notes for all versions at Red Hat’s Documentation page.

Version Comparison

A comparison of the abilities and limitations of CentOS can be found here on the wiki.

End-Of-Life

In general every release receives bugfixes, feature enhancements and new hardware support until 4 years after general availability. And security fixes until 7 years after general availability (beginning with CentOS-5, this period has been extended from 4 to approx. 7 and from 7 to 10 years {assuming the upstream sources remain available for ten years}).

For more information about the support life cycle of CentOS, take a look at Red Hat’s Errata Support Policy page.

Basically, if source is released publicly upstream, the CentOS Project will build and release updates for as long as possible. We have done this for all previous versions and will for all future versions.

 

[Ubuntu]

 

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Releases

 

List of releases

Current

Version Code name Docs Release date End of life date
Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Rel October 23, 2014 July 2015
Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS Trusty Tahr Changes July 24, 2014 April 2019
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr Rel April 17, 2014
Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS Precise Pangolin Changes August 7, 2014 April 2017
Ubuntu 12.04.4 LTS Precise Pangolin Changes February 6, 2014 HWE August 8, 2014
Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS Precise Pangolin Changes August 23, 2013 HWE August 8, 2014
Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS Precise Pangolin Changes February 14, 2013 HWE August 8, 2014
Ubuntu 12.04.1 LTS Precise Pangolin Changes August 24, 2012
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin Tech / Rel April 26, 2012
Ubuntu 10.04.4 LTS Lucid Lynx Changes February 16, 2012 May 9, 2013 (Desktop) April 2015 (Server)
Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS Lucid Lynx Changes July 21, 2011
Ubuntu 10.04.2 LTS Lucid Lynx Changes February 18, 2011
Ubuntu 10.04.1 LTS Lucid Lynx Changes August 17, 2010
Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx Tech / Rel April 29, 2010

Future

Version Code name Docs Release date End of life date
Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid Vervet Rel April 2015 January 2016

End of life

Version Code name Docs Release date End of life date
Ubuntu 13.10 Saucy Salamander Rel October 17, 2013 July 17, 2014
Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail Rel April 25, 2013 January 27, 2014
Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal Tech / Rel October 18, 2012 May 16, 2014
Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot Tech / Rel October 13, 2011 May 9, 2013
Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal Tech / Rel April 28, 2011 October 28, 2012
Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat Tech / Rel October 10, 2010 April 10, 2012
Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx (Desktop) Changes February 16, 2012 May 9, 2013
Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala Tech / Rel October 29, 2009 April 30, 2011
Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope Tech / Rel April 23, 2009 October 23, 2010
Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex Rel October 30, 2008 April 30, 2010
Ubuntu 8.04.4 LTS Hardy Heron (Server) Changes January 28, 2010 May 9, 2013
Ubuntu 8.04.3 LTS Hardy Heron Changes July 16, 2009
Ubuntu 8.04.2 LTS Hardy Heron Changes January 22, 2009
Ubuntu 8.04.1 LTS Hardy Heron Hardy Heron July 3, 2008
Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron Hardy Heron/Rel April 24, 2008
Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron (Desktop) Rel April 24, 2008 May 12, 2011
Ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon Rel October 18, 2007 April 18th, 2009
Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn Rel April 19, 2007 October 19, 2008
Ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft Rel October 26, 2006 April 26, 2008
Ubuntu 6.06.2 LTS Dapper Drake (Server) January 21, 2008 June 1, 2011
Ubuntu 6.06.1 LTS Dapper Drake August 10, 2006
Ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake Rel June 1, 2006
Ubuntu 6.06 Dapper Drake (Desktop) Rel June 1, 2006 July 14, 2009
Ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger Rel October 12, 2005 April 13, 2007
Ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog April 8, 2005 October 31, 2006
Ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog October 26, 2004 April 30, 2006

Management of releases

Support length

  • Regular releases are supported for 9 months.
  • Long term support (LTS) releases are for 5 years.
  • Older releases may have different support length.

Release cadence

Release team

[MS-Windows Server]

http://support2.microsoft.com/lifecycle/search/default.aspx?sort=PN&alpha=Windows+server&Filter=FilterNO

MS Server End Of Life : PDF 참고문서

Zorin OS (free editions)

Slax Linux 7.0.8

Slax is available in more than 50 languages and includes translations, keyboard mappings, fonts and system settings for each localization. Slax follows XDG Base Directory Specification in order to provide localized names for well known user directories such as the desktop folder and the music folder. Select your preferred download below and enjoy Slax in your language!

언어 Version Size Download for CD Download for USB
Slax Arabic 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Basque 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Bosnian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Brazilian (Portuguese) 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Bulgarian 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Catalan 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Catalan (Valencian) 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Chinese (Simplified) 7.0.8 226 MB
Slax Chinese (Traditional) 7.0.8 226 MB
Slax Croatian 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Czech 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Danish 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Dutch 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax English (UK) 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax English (US) 7.0.8 216 MB
Slax Estonian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Farsi 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Finnish 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax French 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Galician 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax German 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Greek 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Hebrew 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Hindi 7.0.8 220 MB
Slax Hungarian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Icelandic 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Irish 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Italian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Japanese 7.0.8 226 MB
Slax Kazakh 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Khmer 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Korean 7.0.8 225 MB
Slax Latvian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Lithuanian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Low Saxon 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Norwegian (Bokmaal) 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Norwegian (Nynorsk) 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Polish 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Portuguese 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Punjabi 7.0.8 220 MB
Slax Romanian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Russian 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Serbian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Sinhala 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Slovak 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Slovenian 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Spanish 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Swedish 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Tajik 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Thai 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Turkish 7.0.8 218 MB
Slax Ukrainian 7.0.8 219 MB
Slax Uyghur 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Vietnamese 7.0.8 217 MB
Slax Walloon 7.0.8 216 MB

Ubuntu 14.04_LTS Netinstall Guide Part IV

Ubuntu14.04_LTS Netinstall Guide Part 4 ( 눈으로 쉽게 설치 따라하기 )

 

개인컴퓨터에 테스트용으로 설치함.

가상소프트웨어는 VirtualBox로 설치

가상 하드웨어사양

Cpu : processor * 2ea

Memory : 2G

HDD : 20G

가상네트워크는 Bridge 어뎁터, 내부아이피로 외부접속 가능하게 설정

 

1. Download Centos7 netinstall – (2014년 12월 현재 최신버젼)

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS -> http://maruweb.co.kr/isos/ubuntu/mini.iso

 

2. Burn Centos7 images to Create Bootable USB Stick

iso images -> usb burn

cd burn (free program) : imgburn(http://imgburn.com)

 

3. Ubuntu 14.04 LTS install(설치진행과정)

 

설치 초기 화면

 

 

언어선택 – 한국어

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

네트워크 설정

 

 

 

 

 

 

사용자 추가 및 암호 설정

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

파티션 설정 – 테스트용이므로 디스크 전체 사용 선택

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

보안 업데이트 자동 설정

 

 

 

소프트웨어 – Basic Ubuntu Server, OpenSSH server 선택

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grub 부트로더 설치

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

설치 완료 후 부팅 화면

 

 

 

Download CrunchBang Linux 11 “Waldorf”

Cap 2014-12-10 00-06-12-910

CrunchBang 32bit

32-bit Waldorf for Modern PCs

BitTorrent
Approx. Size: 771M
MD5: 5a74e8738a095d65f58641bb47d45e0a

32-bit Waldorf for Older PCs (non PAE)

BitTorrent
Approx. Size: 771M
MD5: 92675c5068f3f8d02a9294288bb4c52e

Copy #! to USB for install

When your download has finished, you might like to take a look at the How To prepare an ISO to USB – Linux & Windows Instructions. If you experience any issues, just ask on the forums. Happy CrunchBangin’!

 

CrunchBang 64bit

64-bit Waldorf

BitTorrent
Approx. Size: 739M
MD5: 47b7921a2c08fbf930ddf4e175fc92e1

Copy #! to USB for install

When your download has finished, you might like to take a look at the How To prepare an ISO to USB – Linux & Windows Instructions. If you experience any issues, just ask on the forums. Happy CrunchBangin’!

Kali Linux 1.09a

Official Kali Linux Downloads

You can download official Kali Linux releases from the following links:

DOWNLOAD YOUR FLAVOUR OF KALI LINUX
IMAGE NAME VERSION DIRECT TORRENT SIZE SHA1SUM
Kali Linux 64 bit ISO 1.0.9a ISO Torrent 2.9G 2744d50f56c3d6332bc75e676f36aad3058d0aad
Kali Linux 32 bit ISO 1.0.9a ISO Torrent 3.0G 89acef59694abc6858da681bb466355f6a31fdb6
Kali Linux ARMEL Image 1.0.9a Image Torrent 2.1G 5e98e48a26c877fa3ab288bcc62eb6993c4c2139
Kali Linux ARMHF Image 1.0.9a Image Torrent 2.0G 06a849d325e397e1703b8e2769c472a7f215311c